Islam Prayer Times

For Muslims it is obligatory to perform five prayers throughout the day and the night.
These are: Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha.
The times of the prayer are determined by the position of the sun.


Dawn Prayer (before sunrise)
Beginning time for morning prayers


Angle of the sun under the horizon
Islamic Society of North America: 15°
University Of Karachi, Muslim World League: 18°
Umm Al-Qura University: 19°

end time for morning prayers


Noon Prayer

2.Dhuhr, Zhuhr

The time of Zuhr starts when sun passes its zenith.

Afternoon Prayer


begins when the length of the shadow of a vertical rod
is equal to its shadow at noon plus twice the length of the rod.
Shafi: is equal to the length of the rod plus its shadow at noon.
It ends about 10 minutes before sunset.

Sunset Prayer


begins immediately after sunset

Evening (Night) Prayer


begins, at moderate latitudes, when the sky is completely dark and ends just before the Dawn Prayer.
Angle of the sun under the horizon
Islamic Society of North America: 15°
Muslim World League: 17°
University Of Karachi: 18°
Umm Al-Qura University: 90 minutes after the Sunset

Berlin (52.51° N, 13.41° E) on Jan 1

Example 1:

Online calculator: Islamic Agenda Prayer Times

Example 2:

Online calculator: PrayerMinder Home Page

Computed by my GeoAstro SunEarth Applet

Asr times (minutes after local noon) for one year
Berlin (51.5° N), Cairo (30.1° N), and Riyadh (24.7° N)
computed by my GeoAstro SunEarth Applet

Noon +/- 83 minutes

Local time: 13:38 to 17:32

Noon +/- 106 minutes

Local time: 14:09 to 18:48

Noon +/- 14 minutes

Noon +/- 30 minutes


Web Links


How to Perform Salah (Ritual Prayers)

Calculation Methods Differences

Juergen Giesen

Updeted: 2007, Feb 07